Book 1

1.1
μῆνιν ἄειδε θεὰ Πηληϊάδεω Ἀχιλῆος
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1.2
disastrous anger that made countless sufferings [algos pl.] for the Achaeans,
3
1.3
and many steadfast lives [psukhe> pl.; n:v.l. heads] it drove down to Hades,
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1.4
ἡρώων, αὐτοὺς δὲ ἑλώρια τεῦχε κύνεσσιν
1.5
and for all birds [n: v.l. a feast for birds], and the plan of Zeus was being fulfilled [telos] --
1
1.6
sing starting from the point where the two first clashed [eris],
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1.7
the son of Atreus, lord of men, and radiant Achilles.
1.8
So, which of the gods was it that pushed the two to clash [eris] and fight?
1
1.9
It was the son of Leto and Zeus. Infuriated [kholos] at the king,
1.10
he stirred up an evil pestilence throughout the mass of warriors, and the warriors kept on dying,
1.11
because Chryse>s [n:Chryse>s is the name of the man; Chryse is the name of the city], the one who prays and curses, was dishonored [time>]
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1.12
by the son of Atreus. For Chryse>s came to the swift ships of the Achaeans
1.13
to get his daughter's release, bringing with him a ransom [apoina] beyond telling, [n:=I-1.372]
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1.14
holding in his hands the suppliant wreaths of far-shooting Apollo [n:=I-1.373]
1.15
wound around a golden scepter, and he supplicated all the Achaeans,
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1.16
but most of all the two sons of Atreus, who marshal the warriors.
1.17
"Sons of Atreus and you other well-greaved Achaeans,
1.18
may the gods who possess homes on Olympus grant to you
1.19
that you destroy the city [polis] of Priam and that you have a good homecoming;
1.20
but you, release to me my dear [phile>] daughter, and accept a ransom [apoina],
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1.21
in awe of the son of Zeus, far-shooting Apollo."
1.22
At this point all the other Achaeans voiced their assent,
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1.23
to show respect [aido>s] to the priest [hiereus] and to accept the splendid ransom;
1.24
but this was not pleasing to the son of Atreus, Agamemnon, in his heart [thumos].
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1.25
Instead, dismissing him -- a bad thing to do -- he set in motion overpowering words [muthos]:
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1.26
"Don't let me find you, old man, near the hollow ships,
1.27
either lingering now or coming back again later.
1.28
The scepter and the wreath of the god will not help you.
1.29
I will not release her. Before that happens, old age will come to her
1.30
in my house at Argos, far away from her ancestral home,